Discover the Gorgeous Landscapes of Guilin

The River Li with karst formations in the background, in a misty atmosphere near Guilin, China

Unusual karst formations bestow great natural beauty upon the Southern Chinese city of Guilin

By Roger Allnutt

For many visitors to China it is the bustling cities of Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou together with man-made treasures like the Great Wall and the famous Terracotta Warriors at Xi’an that are the main drawcard. China is also endowed with a wonderful and incredibly varied natural landscape including the mighty Yangtze and Yellow rivers, rugged mountainous regions and the remote spaces along the Silk Road. One of the most unusual places in China is the remarkable karst formations found in a large area around the southern city of Guilin.

Reed Flute Cave, a natural wonder outside Guilin, China, featuring sculpted cave walls illuminated in various colors, reflected in a shallow pool.
Reed Flute Cave, a natural attraction near Guilin (Image by Janice_Li from Pixabay)

A Unique Limestone Landscape

Located in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region to the west of Guangzhou, nature has endowed the area with a unique landscape that belongs in fairy tales. Typical of a karst landform, the limestone formations rise up to around 300 feet like statuesque domes and towers. There are so many of them spread out over a huge area that in total they give the impression of a huge forest. The formations are riddled with caves, some of which can be explored and feature cave paintings dating back hundreds of years. The closest cave to Guilin is Reed Flute Cave.

The Li River and a number of tributaries wind through the region and visitors can take in the best impression of the landscape from from small cruise boats on the river. The weather is often rainy or misty which adds an ethereal and haunting charm to the scenery that has inspired centuries of Chinese landscape painters and more recently photographers.

The City of Guilin

Guilin is a bustling, modern city along the banks of the Li River and a good base for exploring. The region is basically rural with only a few medium-sized cities and relatively little industrialization. Like in many Chinese cities, traffic is dominated by a huge number of mopeds – bicycles have virtually disappeared. Many of the female riders wear long gloves. Shops and cafes are always busy, but there is still the odd space for small vegetable plots being carefully tended by older women carrying water in buckets on the end of poles.

Elephant Hill Park

Elephant Hill Park is the major attraction in Guilin. The park-like area sits on a lake with a natural feature of a large rock formation in the shape of an elephant dipping its trunk into the water. A couple of fishermen were showing how fish are caught by trained cormorants. The park also features an odd collection of sculptures and tree formations and was packed with locals.

The region is famous for growing tea and it is an instructive experience to attend one of the excellent tea ceremonies and learn about the different teas and how to prepare them.

A fisherman on a small raft on the Li River, with tall, narrow mountains and rock formations in the background, between Guilin and Yangshuo in southern China
A fisherman works on the Li River between Guilin and Yangshuo (Image by kytrangho from Pixabay)

Along the Li River

The most popular stretch of the Li River for the scenery is between Guilin and Yangshuo. It’s about 60 miles away but if time is short then there are shorter cruises available from both cities. Along the river are many small villages, water buffalo wallow in the water and there are plenty of fishermen trying for the day’s catch.

Yangshuo is another popular tourist town with West Street a focal point for tourists with many bars and restaurants and souvenir shops. We watched a couple of powerful men pounding nuts and other ingredients to make delicious nougat-like biscuits.

At night don’t miss the outdoor show “Impression of Liu San Jie” with over 600 performers on platforms on a lake. They blend the cultures of the ethnic minorities in an impressive sound and light spectacle.

Green tiers of terraced rice fields in the foreground and background, with small buildings and forest areas, known as the Devil's Backbone Rice Terraces near Longji village in Longsheng, China
The Devil’s Backbone Rice Terraces near Longji village (Image by Jan Tiedemann from Pixabay)

Devil’s Backbone Rice Terraces

Not far from Yangshuo through Longsheng a winding road takes you up a mountain side to the amazing Devil’s Backbone Rice Terraces near Longji village. The terraces, which date from the Yuan dynasty in the 13/14th century, derive their name from their resemblance to dragon scales, the terraces blending in with the natural curves of the hillside. You can pay for a ride up to the village on top of the mountain from the bus parking place but it is worthwhile to walk along the pathway to get the best perspective of this wonderful feat linking human labor and natural landscape.

The historic Bridge of Wind and Rain, a wood and stone structure with five towers spanning a river in the countryside of Guangxi Province in China
The historic “Bridge of Wind and Rain” in Guangxi Province

Villages of Guangxi Province

A number of different ethnic minorities live in the Guangxi province and a visit to some of their villages is highly recommended. Between Longsheng and Sinjiang are two popular destinations.

The Dong people live in a village set among karst formations. A feature is a long bridge “Bridge of Wind and Rain” spanning a stream where water wheels still operate. The ornate bridge is typical of the architecture of the region, as are the thatched roofed drum towers decorated with sculptures and frescoes.

The Miao people are famous for their colorful dress and headgear and traditional customs; our group was greeted by a stirring welcoming song which we had to reciprocate. During our visit they demonstrated making sticky rice which we ate accompanied by a toast of a very powerful drink.

Although it would be possible to visit the region independently, I would recommend taking an organized tour as local guides and drivers take away all the stress, particularly if you don’t speak Chinese.

Where to Stay in Guilin

I was surprised at the standard and quality of local accommodation in all the towns I visited. International chains like Sheraton and Shangri-La are well represented but I would recommend trying similar quality local hotels such as Grand Link Hotel in Guilin, Yangshuo Jasper Hotel in Hangshuo and Sanjiang Dongxiang Guest House in Liuzhou (wonderful night views of famous Fengyu Bridge).

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You might also enjoy “Discovering China’s Shanxi Province” by Roger Allnutt.

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