Discover the Delights of Cochin, India’s “Queen of the Arabian Sea”

Tall mounted fishing nets appear like sails against the Arabian Sea and a grey sky in Cochin, India

Explore the exotic sights, sounds and scents of Cochin (a.k.a. Kochi), an ancient spice trading port and major modern city on India’s southwest coast

By Roger Allnutt

A group of nuns flutter around the famous Chinese fishing nets at the mouth of Cochin harbor and the fishermen joke with them. Are they praying for better times for the fishermen or just there to purchase what is on offer?

The huge cantilevered fishing nets set up on teak wood and bamboo poles are the legacy of traders from the court of Kublai Khan and were erected between 1350 and 1450AD. Watch them being operated from the promenade on the waterfront. Stalls sell fresh delicious seafood and there are plenty of souvenir stalls there too. The nets are especially dramatic as the sun sets over the Arabian Sea starkly silhouetted against the red rays.

Cochin (also known as Kochi) is a major harbor, port and naval base situated in the state of Kerala, about 150 miles from the southern tip of India. It was settled by the Portuguese in the early 1500s and over the years became a major trading post. The explorer Vasco de Gama, who discovered the sea route to India round the Cape of Good Hope, died at Cochin in 1524. He was buried there before his remains were transferred to Portugal in 1538.

A man rides a bicycle down a street lined with small shops in the historic part of Cochin (Kochi) in Kerala, India
A street scene in the old town of Cochin
(Image by vodkaholic from Pixabay)

Historic Highlights of Cochin

The original part of Cochin developed round Fort Cochin (Kochi) and this area is where most of the old monuments and historic buildings are found. St. Francis Church, where Vasco de Gama was buried, was established by the Franciscans in 1503 and is the oldest European church in India. It became a Protestant church when the Dutch were in power and an Anglican church after the British occupation. Nearby Santa Cruz Cathedral, which contains some beautiful paintings, serves the Catholic faithful.

Close by the old quarter of Mattancherry is a maze of narrow lanes surrounded by high houses. Built in 1568, the Jewish Synagogue has a rich interior with huge chandeliers in colored glass. The floor is tiled with blue willow pattern tiles brought from Canton in China in the 18th century. In the streets outside are many curio shops and places selling the spices for which Kerala is famous.

Next door is the lovely Dutch Palace (actually built by the Portuguese) of the Cochin rajas.  The walls of the palace are adorned with wonderful murals depicting scenes from the Ramayana and in the large coronation hall are exhibits of costumes, palanquins and other royal trappings.

Views of green lawns and trees with the waters of Cochin harbor in the background, as seen from Bolgatty Island in Cochi (Kochi), Kerala, India
A coastal view from Bolgatty Island in Cochin’s harbor
(Photo by Prerna Rajkumar on Unsplash)

The Many Islands of Cochin

The large harbor of Cochin is dotted with islands. The ferries plying between them are a cheap way to get about, not to mention the excellent views from on board. Vypeen Island opposite Fort Cochin at the mouth of the harbor is home to many local fishermen. On Bolgatty Island the picturesque Bolgatty Palace, built as a residence by the Dutch in 1744, is now a luxury hotel complete with golf course. 

Willingdon Island is in fact man-made, created with material dredged while deepening the harbor. It is mainly used as a naval base, railway terminus and customs area but at its tip is the lovely Taj Malabar Hotel. I stayed there and it is highly recommended for friendly service, relaxing ambience and fantastic food at the hotel’s restaurants. They have a nightly sunset cruise for guests round the harbor and also a performance of local traditional Kathakali dance drama.

On the mainland side of the harbor is the bustling commercial heart of Ernakulam. Here, narrow streets are jammed with traffic of all kinds both human and mechanical, along with tiny shops and stalls selling everything under the sun. Whole streets are devoted to one type of merchandise.

Small wooden houseboats on the still backwaters of Kerala, India with tropical vegetation, a tourist attraction near Cochin (Kochi) India
Houseboats in the backwaters of Kerala outside Cochin
(Photo by Prerna Rajkumar on Unsplash)

Exploring the Backwaters of Cochin

Inland from Cochin, the coastal plain is crossed by a number of waterways and these backwaters are a popular place for sightseeing. Houseboats can be hired complete with crew who do all the work, including preparing sumptuous meals, while you sit back and relax admiring the passing scenery.

Tea, Coffee and Spice Plantations in the Western Ghats

On land the roads pass rubber plantations and lead through numerous bustling towns before climbing into the hills of the Western Ghats. Tea and coffee grow together with a variety of spices for which this part of Kerala is famous. Cardamom, pepper, cloves, nutmeg, vanilla, allspice and cinnamon grow prolifically and many local shops sell strings of sachets of different spices that make a great souvenir.

Thekkady and the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

The main center is around Thekkady, which is also close to famous Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary. Cruises on man-made Periyar Lake in the middle of the sanctuary are popular, with elephants, otters and a huge variety of birds always on show. Tigers and leopards are sometimes seen but are more elusive.


Getting there: Flights are available to Cochin from major Indian entry points such as Mumbai and Chennai.

Best time to visit: From October to March, as summer is very hot.

To read more of Roger Allnutt’s adventures in India, check out “The Magic of Mumbai.

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